45th HGC

Commonwealth of Dominica
The Hon. Roosevelt Skerrit Prime Minister
Lead Head of Government within the CARICOM Quasi Cabinet for Labour (Including intra-Community Movement of Skills)
The Hon. Roosevelt Skerrit
Prime Minister
Incoming Chair

Roosevelt Skerrit (born 8 June 1972) is a Dominican politician who has been Prime Minister of Dominica since 2004; he has also been the Member of Parliament for the Vieille Case constituency since 2000. Regionally, he has served as the Chair of the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) and most recently as Chair of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) in 2010.


University of Mississippi

New Mexico State University

Clifton Dupigny Community College (now “The Dominica State College”)

Professional/Political Career

2019/2014/2009: Re-elected Prime Minister

2005: Elected Prime Minister

2004: Appointed Prime Minister

(Aged 31 at his swearing in, he became the world’s youngest Prime Minister, leading a two-party coalition government.)

2000: Minister for Youth Affairs and Sports and Minister of Education

2000: Member of Parliament (MP) for the Vieille Case constituency


About Dominica
Key Facts

Date of Membership in CARICOM: 1 May 1974

Also Known as:Nature Island of the Caribbean

Status of Independence:Independent 1978/11/03

Area: 750 km2 (290 miles2)

Capital City: Roseau

Population: 71,898 (2009)

Currency: Eastern Caribbean Dollar

Highest National Award: Sisserou Award of Honour

Brief History

Br Pre-Colonial Era: The Kalinago people, also known as the Caribs, who arrived on the island around the 14th century, originally inhabited Dominica. They lived in villages and engaged in agriculture, fishing, and trade. 

European Colonization: In 1493, Christopher Columbus sighted Dominica during his second voyage to the Americas and named it after the Latin word for Sunday, “Dominica.” However, European colonization did not begin until the 17th Century when France and the United Kingdom competed to control the island. 

French and British Rule: During the 18th century, Dominica changed hands between the French and the British several times. The Treaty of Paris in 1763 ended the Seven Years’ War and officially handed Dominica to the British, who established a formal colony. 

Slavery and Plantations: Like many other Caribbean islands, Dominica became a centre for sugarcane cultivation, relying on enslaved African labour. The British imported thousands of slaves to the plantations, leading to a predominantly African population. 

Emancipation and Independence: Slavery was abolished in Dominica in 1834, and the island went through a period of social and economic changes. Dominica remained under British colonial rule until it gained independence on 3 November 1978, becoming a sovereign nation within the Commonwealth. 

Post-Independence Era: Dominica has experienced political stability since gaining independence. The country has had a democratic system of government, with periodic elections and peaceful transitions of power. 

Natural Disasters: Dominica has been prone to natural disasters, including hurricanes and tropical storms. One of the most devastating events in the country’s history was Hurricane Maria in September 2017, which caused significant damage to infrastructure and the economy. The government and international aid organizations have been working on recovery efforts and building resilience to future disasters. 

Tourism and Economy: Tourism plays a vital role in Dominica’s economy. The country is known for its natural beauty, lush rainforests, and volcanic landscapes, attracting visitors interested in ecotourism and adventure activities. Agriculture, particularly banana exports, also contributes to the economy. 

Today, Dominica is a small but vibrant nation that continues to develop its infrastructure, promote sustainable tourism, and preserve its rich cultural heritage.